This article is one of many in a recent special report by the Economist on the rising demand for food in the world. Because of the rapidly growing population, food resources are short not only in developing countries, but even in richer countries. World food prices are rising significantly and governments struggle with how to respond to this crisis. The G8 pledged to set aside money for agriculture, but will it happen, and will it be sustainable? Having access to affordable food is a crucial component of global health and lifting people out of poverty. This special report addresses the many economic, social, and political concerns regarding this issue.